fpathconf, pathconf - get configuration values for files
long fpathconf(int fd, int name);
long pathconf(const char *path, int name);
() gets a value for the configuration option name
open file descriptor fd
() gets a value for configuration option name
The corresponding macros defined in <unistd.h>
are minimum values;
if an application wants to take advantage of values which may change, a call
() or pathconf
() can be made, which may yield more
equal to one of the following constants returns the
following configuration options:
- The maximum number of links to the file. If fd or path refer
to a directory, then the value applies to the whole directory. The
corresponding macro is _POSIX_LINK_MAX.
- The maximum length of a formatted input line, where fd or
path must refer to a terminal. The corresponding macro is
- The maximum length of an input line, where fd or path must
refer to a terminal. The corresponding macro is
- The maximum length of a filename in the directory path or fd
that the process is allowed to create. The corresponding macro is
- The maximum length of a relative pathname when path or fd is
the current working directory. The corresponding macro is
- The maximum number of bytes that can be written atomically to a pipe of
FIFO. For fpathconf(), fd should refer to a pipe or FIFO.
For fpathconf(), path should refer to a FIFO or a directory;
in the latter case, the returned value corresponds to FIFOs created in
that directory. The corresponding macro is _POSIX_PIPE_BUF.
- This returns a positive value if the use of chown(2) and
fchown(2) for changing a file's user ID is restricted to a process
with appropriate privileges, and changing a file's group ID to a value
other than the process's effective group ID or one of its supplementary
group IDs is restricted to a process with appropriate privileges.
According to POSIX.1, this variable shall always be defined with a value
other than -1. The corresponding macro is
- If fd or path refers to a directory, then the return value
applies to all files in that directory.
- This returns nonzero if accessing filenames longer than
_POSIX_NAME_MAX generates an error. The corresponding macro is
- This returns nonzero if special character processing can be disabled,
where fd or path must refer to a terminal.
The return value of these functions is one of the following:
- On error, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the cause of
the error (for example, EINVAL, indicating that name is
- If name corresponds to a maximum or minimum limit, and that limit
is indeterminate, -1 is returned and errno is not changed. (To
distinguish an indeterminate limit from an error, set errno to zero
before the call, and then check whether errno is nonzero when -1 is
- If name corresponds to an option, a positive value is returned if
the option is supported, and -1 is returned if the option is not
- Otherwise, the current value of the option or limit is returned. This
value will not be more restrictive than the corresponding value that was
described to the application in <unistd.h> or
<limits.h> when the application was compiled.
- (pathconf()) Search permission is denied for one of the directories
in the path prefix of path.
- (fpathconf()) fd is not a valid file descriptor.
- name is invalid.
- The implementation does not support an association of name with the
- (pathconf()) Too many symbolic links were encountered while
- (pathconf()) path is too long.
- (pathconf()) A component of path does not exist, or
path is an empty string.
- (pathconf()) A component used as a directory in path is not
in fact a directory.
For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes
|fpathconf (), pathconf ()
Files with name lengths longer than the value returned for name
may exist in the given directory.
Some returned values may be huge; they are not suitable for allocating memory.